How long did the Roman Empire last?
The Roman Empire lasted for about 235 years.
The Roman Empire at its apex encompassed the Mediterranean and many parts of Europe, as well as much of North Africa. It lasted from the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC to Emperor Diocletian’s abdication on 1 May AD 476 with the crowning of his successor Emperor Romulus Augustus.
The fall of Rome can be attributed to a long list of factors. These include an increase in taxes coupled with a drop in civic brutality; some scholars suggest that citizens may have become accustomed to living under totalitarian rule and did not know how to provide for themselves without it. Many new republics were established around this time, so those who felt unworthy or unable to contribute to society may have felt pressure to leave.
Some scholars suggest that Christianity played a role. The early Christians refused to serve in the military and even condemned it, which was particularly dangerous to practice during times of war. Although there is no direct evidence for this connection, some historians believe that the prominence of Christianity caused Romans to be less willing to fight for their empire.