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How To Become An Astronaut?

Written by:
Reviewed by: John Alexander
How To Become An Astronaut?

From dancing in zero gravity to blasting off into space, the life of an astronaut is a dream that many of us have had since childhood. However, it takes much more than just a love for space to become an astronaut. With competition at an all-time high, it is important to know the qualifications and steps needed to make your astronaut aspirations a reality. In this article, we will explore the necessary requirements, training, and career paths to make your journey to space a reality. Whether you’re a young aspiring astronaut or an adult looking to make a career change, we’ve got you covered. So, let’s start our countdown to lift-off and explore the world of becoming an astronaut!

1. High School Requirements To Become An Astronaut

Academic Requirements

High school students who aspire to become astronauts should focus on studying math and science subjects while in school. A high level of proficiency in these subjects is essential for success in the astronaut training program. Specifically, students should focus on mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology courses, both at the high school level and in college. They should also aim to develop their critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills.

Physical and Medical Requirements

In addition to academic requirements, aspiring astronauts must meet specific physical requirements. They need to have a healthy body mass index, good eyesight, and be within a certain height range. They should also have good cardiovascular health, excellent coordination, and be able to withstand long periods of intense physical activity. Besides physical requirements, the candidates should be free of any pre-existing medical conditions that could compromise their ability to function in this unusual environment.

Other Requirements

To become an astronaut, potential candidates will need to meet certain other requirements. These include being a citizen of the country that you are applying for, holding at least a bachelor’s degree in a related field from a reputable university, and having experience in your field. Candidates must be fluent in English, the language of the international space community. They should also possess strong leadership skills, be excellent team players, and have the capacity to work well under pressure. Meeting these requirements will set the foundation for students to pursue their dreams of becoming astronauts someday.

2. Undergraduate Degrees That Can Help You Become An Astronaut

Engineering Degrees

Many NASA astronauts come from an engineering background, as their skills are crucial to the construction and operation of spacecraft. Degrees in mechanical, electrical, aerospace, and computer engineering can be particularly useful. These programs will equip you with the theoretical knowledge and practical skills needed to design, build, and maintain complex machinery and systems, all of which are central to space exploration.

Physics Degrees

Space travel requires a good understanding of physics. A degree in physics can provide you with a solid foundation in the laws of motion, energy, and thermodynamics. Additionally, you will learn about cosmology, astrophysics, and other fields that are directly applicable to space exploration. Many astronauts with a physics background also work in the field of space research, developing new technologies and conducting experiments in zero-gravity environments.

Other Relevant Degrees

While engineering and physics degrees are among the most common paths to becoming an astronaut, they are by no means the only way. Other undergraduate degrees that are relevant to space exploration include:

  • Mathematics
  • Computer Science
  • Biology
  • Geology
  • Environmental Science

These degrees can be especially valuable if you are interested in specializing in a particular area of space research or exploration, such as astrobiology, geology, or environmental science. It is worth noting, however, that competition for astronaut positions is fierce, and having a relevant degree is just one of many factors that will be taken into account.

3. The Importance Of Physical Fitness When Pursuing A Career As An Astronaut

Physical Fitness: A Key Component in the Life of an Astronaut

A career as an astronaut is one of the most sought-after and rewarding careers today. However, it is not an easy boast to achieve. For individuals seeking to become astronauts, physical fitness is one of the most critical aspects to consider. Physical fitness does not only play a fundamental role in life but also in an astronaut’s professional career. Here are some reasons why physical fitness is essential for aspiring and current astronauts:

1. Health and Well-being
Maintaining good physical health while pursuing a career as an astronaut is vital. Astronauts often experience prolonged periods of weightlessness, which can lead to muscle and bone loss. Inadequate physical fitness can make the body more susceptible to diseases and illnesses, causing astronauts to miss out on critical missions. Ultimately, their health and well-being determine their ability to perform effectively on a mission.

2. Abilities and Skills
To be an astronaut, one must have a particular set of skills and abilities that enable them to cope with the rigor and demands of space travel. Astronauts need to be physically fit, as the work entails rigorous physical activity, such as spacewalking, lifting heavy equipment, and operating robotic systems. Physical fitness also ensures that astronauts can perform well under pressure while facing unforeseen challenges.

3. Mission Success
Lastly, physical fitness contributes significantly to the overall success of a mission. When on a mission, astronauts must work in a team to accomplish a set of objectives. A team with strong and physically fit players is better equipped to complete the mission successfully. Physical fitness helps to enhance team cooperation, communication, and cohesion.

In conclusion, physical fitness should be a priority for aspiring and current astronauts. It is not only important for health and well-being but also for mission success. Regular exercise, healthy eating habits, and adequate rest and relaxation can help astronauts maintain their physical fitness levels and improve their performance in space.

4. Gaining Relevant Experience For An Astronaut Career Through Internships And Volunteering

Internships and Volunteering Opportunities to Gain Relevant Experience for an Astronaut Career

Internships and volunteering opportunities are great ways to gain relevant experience for an astronaut career. These options allow individuals to gain hands-on experience in fields that are important for astronauts. Some of the best places to look for internships include NASA centers and private space companies. These opportunities can provide valuable experience in fields such as engineering, computer science, and physics.

Volunteering with organizations such as STEM education programs, science museums, and astronomy clubs can also be beneficial. These experiences can provide valuable opportunities to develop communication and leadership skills. Additionally, volunteering in organizations that focus on environmental conservation or disaster relief can provide experience in working under challenging conditions, which is an essential skill for astronaut candidates.

It’s important to note that internships and volunteering opportunities may not always be paid positions. However, the experience gained from these opportunities can be invaluable for an astronaut career. Individuals who take advantage of these opportunities and gain relevant experience will have a much better chance of being selected for astronaut training programs.

5. Applying To NASA’s Astronaut Candidate Program: Tips And Tricks

Eligibility requirements

Before applying for NASA’s Astronaut Candidate Program, make sure you meet the eligibility requirements. The basic requirements include US citizenship, a bachelor’s degree in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM), at least three years of professional experience, excellent physical health, and height between 5’2″ to 6’3″.

Showcase your skills

NASA looks for candidates who possess critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities, and leadership qualities. You must also have excellent teamwork skills and be able to work efficiently in a high-pressure environment. Highlight your skills and experiences in your application by providing specific examples of how you have demonstrated those skills in your professional and personal life.

Learn from astronauts

One of the best ways to prepare for the selection process is to learn from astronauts who have gone through the same experience. Attend NASA events and workshops, read books or articles written by former astronauts, or watch videos on NASA’s official website. This will help you understand the requirements and expectations of the program and give you insights into the preparation process.

6. Preparing For The Rigorous Astronaut Training Program

Physical Fitness

One of the most important aspects of preparing for the astronaut training program is ensuring that you are physically fit. This includes improving your cardiovascular endurance, strength, and flexibility. It is recommended to start a fitness routine at least 6 months before beginning the training program. This routine should include activities such as running, weightlifting, and yoga.

In addition, it is important to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle. Eating a balanced diet and getting enough sleep each night will help you to feel energized and ready to tackle the challenges of the training program. It is also important to avoid smoking or drinking alcohol, as these substances can have a negative impact on your physical fitness and overall health.

Mental Preparation

Along with physical fitness, mental preparation is also crucial for success in the astronaut training program. This includes developing strong problem-solving and critical thinking skills, as well as maintaining a positive attitude and mental resilience.

One way to improve your mental preparation is to seek out opportunities for group problem-solving activities or challenges. This will help you to develop your teamwork and communication skills, which are essential for success in the program. Additionally, it is important to stay organized and manage your time effectively, as the training program can be very demanding and fast-paced.

Overall, preparing for the astronaut training program requires a commitment to both physical and mental fitness. By focusing on your health and well-being, as well as building skills in teamwork and problem-solving, you can increase your chances of success in the program and achieve your dreams of becoming an astronaut.

7. Achieving A Career As An Astronaut: Career Progression And Salary Expectations

Career Progression

Becoming an astronaut is no easy feat as it requires years of hard work, dedication, and education. To achieve a career as an astronaut, aspiring candidates must typically follow a specific trajectory.

Firstly, it’s important to gain academic qualifications and relevant work experience. This often means obtaining a degree in a science or engineering field, such as physics or aerospace engineering. Next, candidates usually work in a profession that is related to space exploration, such as the military, aviation, or research.

After gaining experience and skills in these fields, candidates may begin to apply for roles with space agencies like NASA or the European Space Agency. These agencies generally require astronauts to possess a high level of physical fitness and excellent problem-solving skills. In addition, candidates must demonstrate exceptional teamwork and communication skills as they’ll be working in small teams in cramped quarters for extended periods.

Salary Expectations

The salary expectations of an astronaut largely depend on the agency they’re working for and their experience level. After being accepted into a space agency, astronauts typically undergo extensive training and are paid a stipend for their time in training. This can range from $60,000 to $120,000 per year.

Once astronauts have completed their training and are working on active missions, their salaries tend to increase substantially. In general, astronauts working for NASA can earn anywhere from $64,724 to $141,715 per year.

However, the salary of an astronaut is not the primary motivator for most individuals pursuing this career. Space exploration is a field that requires immense passion, dedication, and intellectual curiosity. While salaries can be competitive, the privilege of working as an astronaut is often seen as the ultimate reward.

People Also Ask

What qualifications do you need to become an astronaut?

To become an astronaut, you need to have a degree in a STEM field, such as engineering or physical science, and have at least three years of relevant work experience. Additionally, you must pass a physical exam and meet certain height and weight requirements.

Can anyone become an astronaut?

While anyone can apply to become an astronaut, the selection process is extremely competitive and only a small percentage are chosen. Astronaut candidates must meet strict qualifications and demonstrate exceptional skills in areas such as leadership, teamwork, and communication.

How long does it take to become an astronaut?

It can take several years to become an astronaut, from meeting the qualifications to being selected as a candidate to completing the required training. NASA typically looks for astronaut candidates every few years, and the entire process can take up to two years or more.

What kind of training do astronauts undergo?

Astronauts undergo extensive training in preparation for space missions, which includes physical training, survival training, and simulations of spacewalks, shuttle launches, and landing procedures. They also receive training in science, technology, and mission-specific tasks.

How many astronauts are there in the world?

As of 2021, there are approximately 600 astronauts who have been to space, representing over 40 countries. However, the number of active astronauts varies depending on the current space missions.


Becoming an astronaut is a dream for many people, but it requires specialized education, work experience, and exceptional skills. The selection process is highly competitive, and only a small number of candidates are chosen. Astronauts undergo extensive training to prepare for space missions, and they represent the best and brightest in their fields.

Thomas Martinez

Thomas Martinez

Content Curator
Spending my days weaving through the vast digital landscape as a Content Curator. My passion lies in crafting narratives and finding the gems of storytelling in our everyday digital chaos. With a keen eye for detail and an unwavering dedication to the art of content, I strive to bring relevance and resonance to the forefront of our digital experiences. Outside of work, you'll find me lost in historical novels or exploring the rich history of my city.

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