Green flame, also known as fluorescence or “cold fire,” is the result of a chemical reaction involving oxygen and an organic compound. These reactions can produce low levels of light that we cannot see without special equipment (such as a spectrometer), but under ideal circumstances they can emit more intense light in the red, orange-yellow, green and blue parts of the spectrum.
Boron compounds are used in lighting systems due to their ability to cause similar effects as mercury; such partiotions may be responsible for some instances of green flames.
Green flames are often described as the result of incomplete combustion.
Completely Unburned Combustion Gases
Carbon Monoxide – 95%
Hydrogen – 3% Methane + Nitrous Oxide – 1%
Nitric Oxide – Trace Element
Potassium+Sodium+Magnesium+Calcium+Zinc – Trace Elements, less than 0.001%. Fresh leaves have greater burning rates due to greater concentration of chlorophyll in cells near the surface of plant tissues and higher levels of oxygen in these richer regions and produce more glycerol per unit tissue weight. This increases rapid oxidation near the surface which produces more heat that destabilizes flame fronts and ensures good draft-free air flow
When oxygen is mixed with different metals, when it is in a heated liquid, it can react. The result will be that the metal atoms are transformed into new substances.
The reaction of certain elements like magnesium or copper with oxygen produce needed compounds such as litmus paper and fire extinguishers. In this process, visible light from two sources combines to create green-yellowish light; you can see a similar effect in fluorescent bulbs:
- Metal + Oxygen -> Metallic Oxide + Heat
- Double Source Light (Calcium Fluorite) -> Greenish-Yellowish Light
- Fluorescent Bulbs -> Combination of Low and High Frequencies which causes invisibility between two frequency waves
Any natural gas with small amount of oxygen within it. This is called a combustible gas. When you turn a stove on, the flame heats up the metal separator below and oxidizes the molecules in the gas, letting off light that we see as orange to blue-white in color (depending on what metal it’s coming off of).
A green flame is when there are elemental impurities in any form inside the fuel like nitrogen gas or carbon monoxide mixed into it which results in this difference in color between what we usually see from hot lighting since those colors actually emanate from different atomic levels of energy as they are heated at different rates.
The oxygen in the air that is incompletely burnt.
Green Flashes are a phenomenon where, when viewing an object such as the sun or a bright star (these objects only), an atmospheric condition makes it possible for a person to see the faint green glow of excited molecules and atoms at about 63 miles (100 kilometers) above Earth’s surface.
A green flame is caused by compounds in the fuel mix absorbing some of the blue spectrum of light from a flame. This causes a spectral emission line at 504.2 nm.
In contrast, methane burns with an orange-red colour. When particles are burned with little oxygen available, as is usual for liquid fuels, then their combustion releases very few photons of visible greenish-blue fluorescent energy or polarized emerald longwave radiation and so any flames under these conditions appear reddish unless there is so little available air that they burn inefficiently and produce much black smoke and their color then appears dark red.
Gaseous molecules such as nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen can burn when they come into contact with a hot surface. Nitrogen and hydrogen have a lower-energy burning potential than most other gases because of their lighter molecular weight. Oxygen is directly taken from the air by photosynthesis in plants and certain bacteria (in what is called anaerobic respiration) to create carbohydrates (sugar). At high temperatures these gases react with each other to produce the green flame you see on top of your gas stove. It’s called incandescence or chemiluminescence — light caused by chemical reactions instead of heat. The hotter the flame burns, it will turn blue or bluish-white but never green again.
A green gas like diethyl ether.
Some colors in flames, when mixed together just right, will result in a green color. A red-violet flame is an example of this – the lack of blue from the yellow part of the spectrum will leave what’s visible as red and violet hues that mix to create a greenish-blue color. This typically happens because there was more or less oxygen than normal present for burning. Flame retardants are also sometimes used which end up making their way into the gases we see coming off as flames – sometimes these forms of gases by themselves can burn at low temperatures with other elements to produce unusual hues like those seen in a “green flame.”
A green flame is from the combustion of gas that has a higher concentration of deuterium to hydrogen; in other words, heavier concentrations of protons per molecule.
The human eye sees light as a spectrum across the electromagnetic spectrum, with red being on one end and violet (or purple) being on the other. Devices such as camera flash or an LED bulb emit lights with specific wavelengths depending on their type. Hydrogen’s natural wavelength falls into this range thus producing infrared emissions with a frequency between 400-700 nanometers which our eyes can’t see as colors. The name for this wavelength is “dark light” because it doesn’t appear visible to us, but carries many wavelengths including radio waves within its visibility spectrum.
There is a gas that produces green flames called oxygen difluoride. It is an intermediate-length chemical compound containing the rare gas fluorine on top of two atoms of oxygen. The most common fluorescent lightbulb in existence gives off florescence and phosphorescence when lit up, and this only happens with some substances such as copper sulfate or hydrogen peroxide. When these substances are heated up by the fluorescing light, they can produce various colors like reds, blues or greens depending on their molecular structure. Other forms of those types of chemicals could result in different portions of a grayscale spectrum that all together make complete black-and-white images if combined together in just the right balance.